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MENTAL ILLNESS

MENTAL ILLNESS AND ITS EFFECTS:

Mental Illness and mental health are recognisable, but there are differences between them. However, mixed-used as if it means the same thing. Both have different symptoms and signs to classify the status of capacity.

 

We all have mental health as well as we have mental health illness. The presentation of unclear or unusual characteristics justifies a mental health illness. Mental illness affects the way people think, behave and feel. Similarly, the way the individual reacts affects the interactions with other people.

 

Mental health is a state of well-being of which individuals realises his or her potential. As a result, the individual can cope with the normal stresses of life. Therefore, can work productively, fruitful and able to support the community and the society at large.

 

Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being in the absence of disease or infirmity. Besides, maintaining a total mental capacity to judge things correctly.

Mental illness is when diagnosed by an expert such as a Psychiatrist. According to the World Health Organisation that says “There is no health without mental health”. However, when mental health is impaired, it becomes an illness in its own right.
 
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF MENTAL ILLNESS
A change in personality. If someone begins to act like a different person or not feeling like himself/herself. Similarly, when an individual starts to think negatively, not able to differentiate reality to exaggeration, meaning hallucination and delusion.

Social isolations and withdrawal from activities and friends. Low energy, problems sleeping, tiredness

Anxiety, Anger and or moodiness, feeling sad, confused thinking and reduced the ability to concentrate.
Excessive fears, worries, and feeling guilty to the extreme
Risky behaviours and a decline in self-caring

TYPES OF MENTAL ILLNESS

Neurodevelopmental disorder: This covers a wide range of problems that usually begin in infancy or childhood. The example includes autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit or hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning disorders.
SCHIZOPHRENIA SPECTRUM
Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders cause detachment from reality such as delusions, hallucinations, and disorganised thinking and speech. This class can develop at any time in life and is known to be genetic and or triggered by substances.
BIPOLAR DISORDER
Bipolar disorders presents episodes of mania meaning periods of excessive activity, energy and excitement, to include depression. Also, bipolar develops at any time within the lifespan.

CLASS OF MENTAL ILLNESS INCLUDE

Depressive disorders, Obsessive-Compulsive, Anxiety disorders, Trauma and Stressor, Somatic symptom. Similarly, Dissociative disorders, Feeding and Eating Disorders, Gender, Dysphoria, Sexual Dysfunction. Also, Substance and addictive disorders, Neurocognitive disorders, Personality disorder and Paraphilic disorders.

OTHER MENTAL DISORDERS

Other mental disorders include mental disorders that are due to other medical conditions, that does not meet the full criteria for one of the above mental illness. Similarly, hypoxic brain injury following trauma or cardiac arrest. Also, brain tumour, meningitis, brain oedema and of course, Stroke.

TREATMENT

Treatment depends on the type of mental illness. However, its severity and what works best for an individual is essential to remember. As a result, the Psychiatrist will recommend the best medicine and therapy that is needed.

The treatment team include Family members, Primary Care Doctor, Nurse Practitioner. Also, Psychiatrist, Social Worker, Pharmacist and Psychotherapist.

CHALLENGES

Challenges involve denial stages

Lack of cooperation

Refusal to medications

Restlessness

Aggressiveness

Delusional

 

 

In conclusion, family, friends and Schools are first to notice changes in mental illness candidates. As a result, this group of close alliance need to offer support and report this to the appropriate next of kin, to allow a prompt treatment action. Seek medical assistance as early as possible to achieve a positive outcome.

 

 

EARLY DIAGNOSIS LEAD TO POSITIVE OUTCOME

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