Young man taking the blood pressure of an older lady

Headaches are frequent among men and women, and children too. However, what causes the problem in the first place? The symptoms of trouble headache is usually a determining factor to differentiate primary and secondary headaches. Similarly, the type of headache helps a doctor to determine its cause and the right treatment.

Many believe that headaches are not a severe illness; this is true. However, most headache problems are severe enough to become life-threatening.


A primary headache is not a symptom of an underlying medical condition. Thus, caused by overactivity of daily living and lifestyle.

The most common primary cause of headache is Migraine, Tension headache, Cough headaches, Sex headache, Exercise headache. Similarly, some fundamental issues with the central problem are related to a particular food, such as processed meat that contains nitrates, poor posture, stress — also, lack of sleep, noises, alcohol, skipping meals.


A secondary headache is a symptom of the presence of a disease. Such disease can activate the pain nerves of the head and therefore causing severe pain. However, the secondary problems include the brain aneurysm, arteriovenous brain malformation, brain tumour. Besides, carbon monoxide poisoning, fever, concussion, dehydration, ear infection, encephalitis and high blood pressure. Meanwhile, other possible causes are meningitis, panic attacks, hangovers, intracranial hematoma, stroke, to mention a few. There are many different causes of secondary headaches, an early visit to a doctor will determine the type of problem and the kind of treatment.


friendly young nurse talking to senior patient in a hospital

Headaches have distinct features as such, the unusual duration and type of associated pain. Some people may carry genes that develop such a problem. As a result, they are prone to have a headache triggered by actions of activities or an underlying disease.


Chemical activity in the brain, the experts suggests that headaches often result from the traction or irritation of the meninges and blood vessels. However, the brain itself does not cause a problem, simply because it lacks pain receptors. Although, head trauma, tumours may stimulate the nociceptors and cause a headache. Meanwhile, several areas of the head and neck do have pain receptors and can thus sense pain.


It is essential to visit your doctor if the headache persists. Early intervention will rule out severe consequences, such as brain haemorrhages. Keep an eye on high blood pressure.